Determinants of Soil and Water Conservation Measures for Sustainable Land Management Practices at Farm Level in Bati District,Ethiopia


  • Alem-meta Assefa* Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
  • Tesfaye Workneh Bati Secondary School, Oromia Special Zone, Ethiopia



Land degradation poses a significant challenge to agricultural production in various parts of the world, particularly in developing nations such as Ethiopia. The study examines the adoption of soil and water conservation measures at the farm level in the Bati district, Ethiopia, and identifies the implications of dynamic land use and land cover changes for sustainable land management practices. The data were collected from both primary and secondary sources. Primary data was obtained through surveys, group discussions, interviews, and observations, while secondary data was gathered from published and unpublished materials like books, journals, reports, maps, and photographs from relevant offices. The study employed a multistage sampling procedure to select 339 sample households. Descriptive statistics, binary logistic regression models, and GIS software (ArcMap) were used to analyse and interpret the data. It estimates the determinants of soil and water conservation measures. Major findings of the study include farmers with a positive perception of SWC are 7.5 times more likely to adopt these practices; extension services and farmer training significantly influence the adoption of SWC practices; the sex of the household head, slope of the farmland, and distance from home negatively impact adoption; 75.2% of farmers have adopted SWC practices, but challenges like labour, money, and awareness remain; cultivated land area has increased significantly: 2,879.21 ha/decade between 1988 and 1998, 10,279.26 ha/decade between 1998 and 2008, and 4,105.53 ha/decade between 2008 and 2018. The study recommends the development of conservation plans and strategies to effectively assess soil erosion hazard and land cover dynamics.


Land management, land use, land cover, adoption, binary logistic regression model, Bati district




How to Cite

Assefa, A.- meta, & Workneh, T. (2023). Determinants of Soil and Water Conservation Measures for Sustainable Land Management Practices at Farm Level in Bati District,Ethiopia. Abyssinia Journal of Business and Social Sciences, 8(2), 1–12.



Original Research Articles