Military Expedition of Emperor TekleGiorgis I in Wollo, Northeastern Ethiopia


  • Israel Arage* Department of Linguistics and Philology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Solomon Gebreyes HiobLudolf Center for Ethiopian Studies, Hamburg University, Hamburg, Germany



This paper attempts to show the routes, causes, responses and opposition of the Muslims of Wollo against the military expeditions of Emperor TekleGiorgis I(r.1779-1800). The Emperor was one of the princes of ZemeneMesafint (1769-1855) Emperors, nicknamed as FiṣṣameMengist, ‘End of the monarchy.’ The chronicle was written in Geʿez during his reign by chronicler, AleqaGebru, who was very close to the king. Because of the state influences, the Muslim chiefs of Wollo, Yeju, Wuchale and Worre-Himeno were said to have embraced Islam at the end of the 18th century and since then more Oromo had been converted to it as a measure  .This was so due to the fact that the affliction to conquer the region enlarged at the conclusion of the 18th century, Wollo was Islamized. This was largely factual of the Mommedoch/ Imams, the most influential rulers of Wollo and hereditary governors of WorreHimeno. This phenomenon paved the way for the germinations of frustration among the already deep rooted existence of the Christian populations. Therefore, this strong Islamic penetration aggravated the Christian King of Emperor TekleGiorgis I for military expeditions. Once the final decision had been taken, the Emperor made the military expedition. The responses of the Muslims to the military expedition were threefold. 


Ethiopic (Geʿez) language, Royal Chronicle, Routes, military expeditions




How to Cite

Arage , I., & Gebreyes , S. (2023). Military Expedition of Emperor TekleGiorgis I in Wollo, Northeastern Ethiopia. Abyssinia Journal of Business and Social Sciences, 8(2), 56–62.



Original Research Articles